5 edition of Predictive drug testing on human tumor cells found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Statement||edited by V. Hofmann, M.E. Berens, G. Martz.|
|Series||Recent results in cancer research ;, 94|
|Contributions||Hofmann, V. 1948-, Berens, M. E. 1953-, Martz, G.|
|LC Classifications||RC261 .R35 vol. 94, RC271.C5 .R35 vol. 94|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xii, 285 p. :|
|Number of Pages||285|
|LC Control Number||84005599|
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The benefits of predictive drug testing on human tumor cells would extend beyond improvement of individual patient treatment if the testing helped to identify new active agents.
This spectrum of benefits to the entire field of oncology pro vides tremendous. Predictive drug testing on human tumor cells in order to define the appropriate chemotherapy will remain imperative as long as the anticancer agents available are few in number and show only limited activity.
The advantages of an effective test would lie in obviating the need for testing. A Replenishable Soft Agar Colony Assay for Human Tumor Sensitivity Testing.- Analysis of Malignant Effusions by Cellular Composition, Proliferation Kinetics, and In Vitro Clonogenicity.- Development of a Nucleotide Precursor Incorporation Assay for Testing Drug Sensitivity of Human Tumors.- Predictive Relevance for Clinical Outcome of In.
Get this from a library. Predictive Drug Testing on Human Tumor Cells. [Victor Hofmann; Michael E Berens; G Martz] -- Predictive drug testing on human tumor cells in order to define the appropriate chemotherapy will remain imperative as long as the anticancer agents available are few in number and show only limited.
Human tumor xenografts as predictive preclinical models for anticancer drug activity in humans: better than commonly perceived-but they can be improved. Kerbel RS(1).
Author information: (1)Molecular and Cell Biology Research, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto-Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Toronto Ontario, Canada. Abstract. A major objective in cancer research has been to develop simple techniques to predict drug sensitivity of human cancers.
Studies carried out with murine tumor models had suggested that in vitro tissue culture assays performed in semisolid media such as agar could be used to assess growth and chemosensitivity of clonogenic tumor cells (which are considered to be.
STEM CELLS, a peer reviewed journal published monthly, provides a forum for prompt publication of original investigative papers and concise reviews. STEM CELLS is read and written by clinical and basic scientists whose expertise encompasses the rapidly expanding fields of stem and progenitor cell biology.
STEM CELLS welcomes original articles and concise reviews. The benefits of predictive drug testing on human tumor cells would extend beyond improvement of individual patient treatment if the testing helped to identify new active agents.
This spectrum of benefits to the entire field of oncology pro vides tremendous. Whereas immortalized cancer cell lines used for research purposes have lost a large part of individual tumor characteristics the preparation of fresh tumor tissue is necessary in order to obtain cancer cells with still highly preserved individual tumor properties 6.
Special arrangements have to be made before the biopsy is taken by the. Request PDF | Human Tumor Xenografts as Predictive Preclinical Models for Anticancer Drug Activity in Humans: Better than Commonly Perceived—But They Can Be Improved | It is not uncommon for new. Soluble CD30 is currently used as a predictive marker of lung, kidney, and heart transplant rejection.
This cell membrane protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family is expressed on circulating CD4 + and CD8 + T cells. 25 CD30 + T-cell activation causes CD30 cleavage and. In vitro cancer drug testing carries a low predictive value.
We developed the human leiomyoma–derived matrix “Myogel” to better mimic the human tumor microenvironment (TME). We hypothesized that Myogel could provide an appropriate microenvironment for cancer cells, thereby allowing more in vivo–relevant drug testing.
We screened 19 anticancer compounds. Kallendrusch (21) Human tumor slice cultures for cancer research and drug testing Integr Cancer Sci fierap, 21 doi: IC Volume 4(4): obtain reliable results.
We tested some different basic media but did not observe obvious changes regarding the cultivation of tumor slice cultures. Drug Testing in vitro: Breakthroughs and Trends in Cell Culture and academia share their knowledge on the assembly of functional human tissues in vitro and how to design drug screenings predictive of human exposure.
In so doing, they combine the latest technological developments with strategic outlooks, such as novel cell and tissue systems. human tumor matrix, as a physiologically relevant extracellular matrix for human cancer cells, could improve the predictability of anticancer drug testing in preclinical studies of HNSCC.
The International Society for Chemosensitivity Testing in - cology (ISCO) was founded to promote, coordinate, and improve clinical and laboratory research in the field of predictive drug te- ing in human tumor cells.
Cell culture drug resistance testing is for preventing use of known anti-cancer drugs that are not likely effective in the specific tumor. Cell culture drug sensitivity testing tries to determine specific drug and dose effectiveness.
The distinction between sensitivity and resistance is more semantic than substantive. Figure 2 was complied by Harris from a book section by Mandagere and Jones in the book Drug Bioavailability: Estimation of Solubility, Permeability, Absorption and Bioavailability (Methods and Principles in Medicinal Chemistry) and made the same measurements and reached the same conclusions as did Grass and Sinko.
As you can see there is little correlation. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer evaluates the potential of exosome content manipulation in the development of novel therapeutics.
In recent years, exosomes, the small vesicles produced by all cell types, have been identified as contributors to cancer growth and metastasis. Predictive Value of Drug Sensitivity Testing Tumorspheres From Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the benefit of anti-cancer therapy administered on the basis of drug sensitivity testing.
This concerns colorectal cancer patients who have previously received standard treatment. The increasing importance of targeting drugs in the treatment of several tumor entities (breast, colon, lung, malignant melanoma (MM), lymphoma, and so on) and the necessity of a companion.
Budd GT, Cristofanilli M, Ellis MJ, et al. Circulating tumor cells versus imaging--predicting overall survival in metastatic breast cancer. Clin Cancer Res ; Zhang L, Riethdorf S, Wu G, et al. Meta-analysis of the prognostic value of circulating tumor cells in breast cancer.
Clin Cancer Res ; The International Society for Chemosensitivity Testing in - cology (ISCO) was founded to promote, coordinate, and improve clinical and laboratory research in the field of predictive drug te- ing in human tumor cells. show more. The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia presents the first results from a large-scale screen of some cancer cell lines with 24 anticancer drugs.
Administration of ineffective anticancer therapy is associated with unnecessary toxicity and development of resistant clones. Cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) resist chemotherapy, thereby causing relapse of the disease. Thus, development of a test that identifies the most effective chemotherapy management offers great promise for individualized anticancer treatments.
A useful book to help lay people understand the process of a cell’s mutations;"One renegade cell", by Robert A Weinberg. Basic Books; ISBN: Links and book recommended by Steve Miley. Tumor Marker for Bladder Cancer CA is a.
Human testing: Clinical trials Clinical trials are research studies in which people volunteer to help doctors find ways to prevent or treat disease. When these kinds of studies are carefully designed and run, and are of sufficient size, they can begin to show whether a specific substance or method truly reduces cancer risk.
The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor protein. HER2 gene amplification and receptor overexpression, which occur in 15–20% of breast cancer patients, are important markers for poor prognosis.
Moreover, HER2-positive status is considered a predictive marker of response to HER2 inhibitors including trastuzumab. In drug selection, there is a problem with growing or manipulating tumor cells in any way, like they do with CTC testing.
When looking for cell-death-related events, which mirror the effect of drugs on living tumors, cells are generally not grown or amplified in any way. Big data and predictive analytics have immense potential to improve risk stratification, particularly in data-rich fields like oncology.
This article reviews the literature published on use cases and challenges in applying predictive analytics to improve risk stratification in oncology. We characterized evidence-based use cases of predictive analytics in oncology into three distinct.
Here, expert scientists from industry and academia share their knowledge on the assembly of functional human tissues in vitro and how to design drug screenings predictive of human exposure. In so doing, they combine the latest technological developments with strategic outlooks, such as novel cell and tissue systems for drug screening and testing, as well as emerging in.
The treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer has progressively improved over the past few decades with the development of more effective anti-cancer drugs and multi-disciplinary management approaches that combine sequential lines of non-cross-resistant drugs and increased use of potentially curative surgery for metastases of the liver and lung.
In this. Gorski's full information can be found here, along with information for patients. David H. Gorski, MD, PhD, FACS is a surgical oncologist at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute specializing in breast cancer surgery, where he also serves as the American College of Surgeons Committee on Cancer Liaison Physician as well as an Associate Professor of Surgery and.
Here's a good article on animal models in drug discovery, and their many limitations. We have moved away from studying human disease in humans,” (Elias) Zerhouni lamented to the NIH’s Scientific Review Management Board meeting.
“We all drank the Kool-Aid on that one, me included.” “The problem is th. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) separate from a malignant tumor and circulate in the bloodstream, leading to dissemination of disease. They not only colonize, but also stimulate tumor growth, in addition to recruiting stromal cells and enhancing the tumor’s invasive potential.
9 Clinical assessment of CTCs as a blood-based biomarker is FDA. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are cancer cells (found within tumors or hematological cancers) that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells, specifically the ability to give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample.
CSCs are therefore tumorigenic (tumor-forming), perhaps in contrast to other non-tumorigenic cancer cells. CSCs may generate tumors through. Biomarker predictive of NSCLC response to drug Date: May 1, Source: American Association for Cancer Research Summary: Among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) fueled by ALK gene.
Patient derived xenografts (PDX) are models of cancer where the tissue or cells from a patient's tumor are implanted into an immunodeficient or humanized mouse. PDX models are used to create an environment that allows for the natural growth of cancer, its monitoring, and corresponding treatment evaluations for the original patient.
PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and/or the tumor-immune infiltrate is likely only part of the predictive model necessary for selecting patients predisposed to respond to monotherapy.
Additional predictive biomarkers are necessary to identify patients most likely to benefit from PD-1–based combination therapy, since tumor cell PD-L1 expression.
They give statements on prognostic value, predictive value, patient selection, testing recommendations Clinical Trial Resources. P - Trabectedin combined with Hyperthermia: Characterization of enhanced drug-efficacy in human tumor cells.
In BRCA2-deficient cells, thermosensitization of trabectedin was significantly reduced. Research has shown that patient-derived cancer cell lines harbor most of the same genetic changes found in patients' tumors, and could be used to learn how tumors are likely to respond to new.Answer.
The answer is D: Oncotype DX®. Oncotype DX® is a gene assay performed on breast tumor cells' RNA. It has both prognostic and predictive uses.
Read more about Oncotype DX® here and here. BRCA1 is a genetic test; however, it is performed on the blood, not tumor cells. CA is a breast cancer tumor marker, a substance secreted by the tumor and plays. Purpose To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guideline recommendations for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer to improve the accuracy of HER2 testing and its utility as a predictive marker in invasive breast cancer.
Methods ASCO/CAP convened an Update .